Legal Notices

The days of the thrashing machine came to an end in Highland County in the 1980s

Terms of Use

The Virginia Land Rights Coalition makes its resources available to Virginians and the American people for research and educational purposes. Nothing herein should be construed as commercial, financial, investment, accounting, tax, or legal advice. It is provided solely for personal, non-commercial use and not for purposes of resale, distribution, public display or performance, or any other uses by you in any form or manner whatsoever. We make reasonable efforts to obtain the most accurate information available, but we do not guarantee the accuracy, timeliness, reliability or completeness of any of the information contained on, downloaded or accessed from this website. Please read the following carefully.

Your entry into and use of this website, and the information herein, indicates your acknowledgment and agreement to these Terms of Use, and other notices posted on this website. If you do not agree to be bound by and comply with all of the terms, you may not access or use our services or website. The Virginia Land Rights Coalition has the right, at its sole discretion, to modify, add or remove any terms or conditions of these Terms of Use without notice or liability to you. Any changes to the Terms of Use shall be effective immediately following the posting of such changes on this website.

The performance of this website and all information contained on, downloaded or accessed from this website are provided to you on an “as is” basis, without warranties of any kind whatsoever, including any implied warranties or warranties of merchantability, fitness for a particular purpose or non-infringement of the rights of third parties. We will not be responsible for any problems or technical malfunction of any telephone network or lines, computer systems, servers, Internet access providers, computer equipment, software, or any combination thereof including any injury or damage to your or any other person’s computer as a result of using this website. As a visitor to our website, you acknowledge and agree that any reliance on or use by you of any information available on this website shall be entirely at your own risk. In no event shall The Virginia Land Rights Coalition nor any of its data providers be liable for any direct, indirect, consequential or exemplary damages arising from the use or the performance of this website, even if The Virginia Land Rights Coalition or such provider has been advised of the possibility of such damages.

The transmission of data or information (including communications by e-mail) over the Internet or other publicly accessible networks is not secure, and is subject to possible loss, interception or alteration while in transit. Accordingly, we do not assume any liability for any damage you may experience or costs you may incur as a result of any transmissions over the Internet or other publicly accessible networks, such as transmissions involving the exchange of e-mail with us (including those which may contain your personal information). While we take reasonable precautions to safeguard the privacy of the information you provide us, in no event will the information you provide to us be deemed to create any fiduciary obligations to you on our part, or result in any liability to you on our part in the event that such information is inadvertently released by us or accessed by third parties without our consent.

You agree to follow all applicable laws and regulations when using this website. You agree to indemnify, defend and hold us and our affiliates, business partners, officers, directors, employees and agents harmless from any loss, liability, claim, demand, damage, or expense (including reasonable legal fees) asserted by any third party relating in any way to your use of this website or breach of these Terms of Use. We reserve the right to assume the exclusive defense and control of any matter subject to indemnification by you, which shall not excuse your indemnity obligations.

Links or references to other websites and references to products and services offered by third parties are provided to you for convenience only and do not constitute an endorsement or approval by us of the organizations that operate such websites; the content, privacy policies or other terms of use on such websites; or such third party products and services. As we have no control or responsibility over websites or content maintained by other organizations, or for products and services offered by third parties, we do not assume any liability for your use of any of the foregoing, which use you acknowledge and agree shall be at your own risk.

The Virginia Land Rights Coalition is and shall remain the trade-mark and trade names and exclusive property of The Virginia Land Rights Coalition, and any unauthorized use of these marks is unlawful. Other trade-marks on this website are the property of their respective owners. All content on this website, including without limitation all programs, complied binaries, interface layout, interface text, documentation and graphics, is the copyrighted property of The Virginia Land Rights Coalition and is protected by international copyright law. The content on this website, excluding certain photographic images, may be used by you only for your personal, non-commercial use as provided for in these Terms of Use, but may not be taken out of context or presented in a misleading or discriminatory manner. Any rights not expressly granted to you are reserved by us.

Our policy is to comply with all intellectual property laws and to act expeditiously upon receiving any notice of claimed infringement. If you believe that your work has been reproduced on this website in a manner that constitutes copyright infringement, please provide us a notice of copyright infringement containing all of the following information:

  1. A physical or electronic signature of a person authorized to act on behalf of the copyright owner for the purposes of the complaint.
  2. Identification of the copyrighted work claimed to have been infringed.
  3. Identification of the material on our website that is claimed to be infringing or to be the subject of infringing activity.
  4. The address, telephone number or e-mail address of the complaining party.
  5. A statement that the complaining party has a good-faith belief that use of the material in the manner complained of is not authorized by the copyright owner, its agent or the law.
  6. A statement, under penalty of perjury, that the information in the notice of copyright infringement is accurate, and that the complaining party is authorized to act on behalf of the owner of the right that is allegedly infringed.

If any provision of these Terms of Use is held invalid or unenforceable in any respect by any court having competent jurisdiction, such provision shall be enforced to the maximum extent permitted by law, and the remaining provisions of these Terms of Use shall continue in full force and effect. No waiver of any provision of these Terms of Use shall be deemed a further or continuing waiver of such provision or any other provision.

Copyright Information

All contents of this website authored by L. M. Schwartz are © The Virginia Land Rights Coalition. Portions of the text in some articles have been taken directly from listed sources and references, while certain other portions are included in edited form. Permission is granted to private parties to copy/reproduce these articles for non-commercial, educational purposes, only if unedited, in full and with this notice included. Reproduction, reposting or publication for any other purpose, or in any commercial media outlet or news source, either in full or partially, is strictly prohibited without written permission.

This site also contains copyrighted material the use of which has not always been specifically authorized by the copyright owner. Such material is made available in an effort to advance understanding of property rights, environmental, government, educational, economic, and Constitutional issues. We believe this constitutes a ‘fair use’ in accordance with Title 17 U.S.C. Section 107. The material on this site is distributed without profit to those who have expressed a prior interest in receiving the information for research and educational purposes. See: If you wish to use copyrighted material for purposes going beyond 'fair use', you must obtain permission from the copyright owner.


The photographic images reproduced on this site are the property of the owners of the original photographs and are not in the public domain. Copying, downloading, reposting or reproduction of these photographs for any purpose whatsoever, without the original owner's written permission, is both unethical and strictly prohibited by federal statutes and Virginia Code.

Privacy and publicity rights

Privacy and publicity rights reflect separate and distinct interests from copyright interests. While copyright protects the holder's property rights in the work or intellectual creation, privacy and publicity rights protect the interests of the person(s) who may be the subject(s) of the work or intellectual creation. Issues pertaining to privacy and publicity may arise when a researcher contemplates the use of letters, diary entries, photographs or reportage in visual, audio, and print formats.

It is the researcher's obligation to determine and satisfy copyright or other use restrictions when publishing or otherwise distributing materials found here. Researchers desiring to use materials from this website bear the responsibility of making a determination as to whether privacy and publicity rights are involved by the nature of the materials and how they may wish to use such materials.

Unauthorized attempts to upload information or change information are strictly prohibited and may be punishable under the United States criminal code (18 U.S.C. 1030).

Information regarding possible criminal violations of rights should be brought to our attention and may be provided to law enforcement officials for prosecution.


The links to other organizations' websites do not necessarily constitute endorsement of the content of those websites or of their policies, products or views. We receive no compensation for listing those links.


We do not share names, addresses, correspondence or other personal information with other persons or entities unless you authorize us to do so.

E-mail Spam Blocking

If you send e-mail, it is possible it may be inadvertently captured by a spam filter. We use measures that are generally effective against blocking spam. Filtering may result in some legitimate mail being lost. If you do not receive a reply within a reasonable time, please contact us by telephone.

VLRC Research

In addition to information made available to the public through this website, The Virginia Land Rights Coalition provides private written opinions to individuals who request information on specific questions affecting property rights. The purpose of this research is to provide information and should not be considered as legal advice.


While we endeavor to ensure information on this website is accurate and complete, we do not warrant the information is complete or accurate, and therefore disclaim all liability to any person for any loss caused by errors or omissions. Please bring errors or omissions to our attention.


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